On the 10th of July 2015, near the village of Orchosani and the territory of Tsitelubani-Khurvaleti, Russian occupation forces shifted the border of South Ossetia by several hundred meters into Georgian-controlled territory, giving an alarm to Georgia’s security. This action is a logical sequence of Russia’s annexation policy, in which framework the so-called Integration and Partnership Agreements were recently signed with Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Accordingly, it means that Moscow continues with the seizure of Georgian territories and the instillation of fear in the civilian population. This time, strategic
infrastructure, the Baku-Supsa pipeline, was put under threat. In the nearest future, the Kartli-2 power line and, most importantly, the Central Georgian Highway, might be put under the same threat.
We believe that under these circumstances there is a need for emergency measures. It is crucial to fundamentally revise the strategy of relations with Russia. No measure will be successful without this step. The main principle of our strategy is to regulate relations with Russia with the engagement and participation of the international community.
We offer you a list of several measures that we believe the Government of Georgia should immediately take to counter the given threat.
- Postpone the Karasin-Abashidze meeting in Prague and convene a special meeting of the Geneva Talks. If such incidents are considered “normal” and left without a response, we should expect similar cases in the future;
- Fundamentally revise the strategy of relations with Russia on the basis of national security interests;
- Develop an action plan and standard operating procedure for these crises;
- Intensify the activity of the relevant offices of the MIA (using modern technology and monitoring tools) along the administrative border, for the timely reaction and prevention of such provocations, as well as for protecting the rights of and providing security for the population living near the administrative border. Increased monitoring along the highway to prevent serious security challenges in the future is especially necessary;
- Deliver démarches from the highest levels (the President, the Prime Minister) to our main partners (the United States, NATO, and the EU states) to make them aware of the threats. Such spontaneous high-level communication has occasionally been a factor that impeded further escalation;
- Invite high-level delegations from the EU and other partner countries in order to provide information about the situation along the occupation line, and to maintain the awareness of the diplomatic corps;
- Make efforts to convene the UN Security Council and OSCE Permanent Council and actualize the problem in all international organizations;
- Develop a national concept on free movement in the occupied territories and convene high-level meetings/conferences on this matter;
- File a complaint in the European Court of Human Rights to protect the rights of the people affected because of the installation of the wire entanglements.
From our side, we are ready to maximally contribute to the protection of the rights of the people affected by the shift of the occupation line, as well as contribute to the communication with society concerning Georgia’s national security issues.
Finally, we call on the government to immediately arrange a meeting with non-governmental organizations (in the framework of the security and crises management council) to discuss Georgia’s contemporary security challenges with the participation of civil society representatives.
- Georgia’s Reforms Associates (GRASS)
- Atlantic Council of Georgia
- Civil Development Agency (CIDA)
- Media Development Fund (MDF)
- Transparency International Georgia (TI)
- Georgian Institute for Strategic Studies (GISS)
- Public Movement Iveria
- Georgian Democracy Initiative
- International Society for Fair Elections and Democracy (ISFED)
- Open Society Georgia Foundation (OSGF)
- Economic Policy Research Center (EPRC)
- Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies (GFSIS)
- Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI)
- Media Club
- Article 42 of the Constitution
- Baltic to Black Sea Alliance Georgia (BBSAG)
- Mother of Soldier